Gender, Peace and Security (2014)

Please note: This page refers to a course that has already taken place.

Time:

08 - 10 Jan 2014

Place:

PRIO, Hausmanns gate 7, Oslo

Organizer:

Inger Skjelsbæk (PRIO/UiO) and Torunn L. Tryggestad (PRIO)

Credits:

5 ECTS

Contact:

Kristoffer Lidén (kristoffer@prio.no)

Lecturers:

Inger Skjelsbæk (PRIO/UiO), Torunn L. Tryggestad (PRIO), and more. See program.

​​​​​​The starting point of this course is the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security (2000).

Course Description:

​This resolution represents a major breakthrough for women’s rights in the peace and security arena. The ground-breaking aspect of the resolution is its systematic insistence on the interconnect­edness between gender and peace and security concerns. The resolution asks for changes in three distinctly different ways. First, it asks member states to increase the representation and active participation of women at all decision-making levels in national, regional and international institutions and mechanisms for conflict prevention, conflict management, conflict resolution and peacebuilding. Second, it emphasizes that a gender perspective should be adopted in the planning and implementation of peace operations and peace negotiations. These should include gender-sensitive training of personnel to enable them to better understand and appreciate local women’s peace initiatives, needs and interests in mission areas. This could also mean that the roles for women as peacekeepers would/will need to be expanded. Third, it calls for increased atten­tion being given to the protection of women from gender-based violence in situations of armed conflict, and initiatives to put an end to impunity for such crimes.

This research course will focus on research linked to the 1325 agenda, including the following themes:

  • Theories of peace and conflict; what changes with a gendered perspective?
  • Normative changes; what is the normative impact of the efforts in the United Nations linked to the 1325 agenda?
  • Security analysis; what are the core elements of security sector reform for men and women?
  • Political violence; what is the status of knowledge about sexual violence in war?
  • Post conflict; what does conflict mean for maternal health issues? 

Our overall aim is to show how, as well as critically assess the way in which gender, peace and security is interconnected in normative and empirical ways. The research presented and discussed will be cross-disciplinary and based on different methodological approaches. 

Schedule:

Wednesday 8 January 

09:15 – 10:00    

1. Welcome and Introduction (Inger Skjelsbæk & Torunn L. Tryggestad)

10:00 – 11:30     

2. Open Lecture: Gender in Peace and Conflict Studies (Annica Kronsell, Lund University) Chair: Inger Skjelsbæk

11:30 – 12:30   

Lunch

12:30 – 13:30    

3. Gender and Security Sector Reform (Helga Hernes)

13:45 - 15:00     

4. Discussion of core themes from the day (Annica Kronsell, Antonia Potter PrenticeHelga Hernes)

Thursday 9 January

09:15 – 10:00       

5. UN SCR 1325 and the Normative Framework on Women, Peace and Security (Torunn Tryggestad)

10:15 – 11:00       

6. State of the art on gender and mediation: challenges and opportunities for an expanding agenda (Antonia Potter Prentice, Conflict Management Initiative, CMI, Finland)

11:15 – 12:00       

7. Discussion with Tryggestad and Potter Prentice

12:00 -13:00     

Lunch

13:15 – 14:00       

8. Maternal Health and conflict (Christin Ormhaug)

14:15 – 15:00       

9. Gender, conflict and education (Gudrun Østby)

15:15 – 16:00       

10. Discussion with Ormhaug and Østby

Friday 10 January

09:15 – 10:00       

11. The political psychology of war rape (Inger Skjelsbæk)

10:15 – 11:00       

12. Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict (Ragnhild Nordås)

11:00 – 12:00      

13. Discussion with Skjelsbæk and Nordås

12:00 – 13:00     

Lunch

13:00 – 15:00       

14. Paper idea presentations (all participants)

15:15 – 16.00      

15. Concluding discussion (Skjelsbæk and Tryggestad)

 

Deadlines:

Application deadline: 1 December 2013

Requirements:

​In order to obtain 5 ECTS for the course, participants must get an overview of the readings, participate actively in the lectures and submit a paper of 5000 words by 20 February 2014. An essay proposal should be submitted to kristoffer@prio.no by 15 January for approval by the organizers. The proposal should consist of a research question, an abstract/outline of about 200 words, and a paragraph on how the question relates to the course literature. 

Admission:

​The deadline for applications is 1 December 2013. Applications should be brief, and include details about university affiliation, education and a paragraph on current research (e.g. a PhD project). PhD candidates get priority, but others may also apply. Current members of the Resarch School on Peace and Conflict simply register. Please send applications by e-mail to Research School Coordinator Kristoffer Lidén: kristoffer@prio.no. There is no participation fee, but the cost of transportation and accommodation must be covered by the participants. Six stipends to cover basic accommodation at neighbouring Anker Hotel are available for PhD students who do not have funding for such course participation through their universities. Then you add a sentence on this in your application. Applicants will be notified about the outcome of their application as quickly as possible after the deadline.

Course Literature:

2: Gender in Peace and Conflict Studies (Annica Kronsell)

Required reading:

  • Hutchings, Kimberley (2008), ‘1988 and 1998: Contrast and Continuity in Feminist International Relations’, Millennium – Journal of International Studies, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 97-105.
  • Shepherd, Laura J (2009), ‘Gender, Violence and Global Politics: Contemporary Debates in Feminist Security Studies’, Political Studies Review, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 208-219.
  • Ackerly, Brooke and Jacqui True (2008), ‘Reflexivity in Practice: Power and Ethics in Feminist Research on International Relations’, International Studies Review, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 693-707.

        

3. Gender and Security Sector Reform (Helga Hernes)

Required reading:

5. Taking Resolution 1325 Beyond Rhetoric (Torunn Tryggestad)

Required reading:

  • Tryggestad, Torunn L. (2009), ‘Trick or Treat? The UN and Implementation of SecurityCouncil Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security’, Global Governance, Vol.      15, pp. 539-557.
  • Olsson, Louise and Theodora-Ismene Gizelis (2013), ‘An Introduction to UNSCR 1325’, International Interactions: Empirical and Theoretical Research in International Relations, Vol. 39, No. 4, pp. 425-434.
  • Hudson, Natalie Florea (2010), Gender, Human Security and the United Nations. Security languages as a political framework for women, chapter 2 (Women’s activism in the context of the security debate. Theoretical underpinnings), Routledge Critical Security Studies, pp. 22-43.

Recommended reading:

  • Anderlini, Sanam Naraghi (2007), Women building peace: What they do, why it matters, Boulder London: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
  • Conciliation Resources (2013), ‘Women building peace’, ACCORD Insight – an international review of peace initiatives, London: Conciliation Resources.
  • Olonisakin, Funmi, Karen Barnes and Eka Ikpe (eds)(2011), Women, Peace and Security. Translating policy into practice, Routledge Contemporary Security Studies.

6. State of the art on gender and mediation: challenges and opportunities for an expanding agenda (Antonia Potter Prentice)

Required reading:

Recommended reading:

        

8. Maternal Health and conflict (Christin Ormhaug) 

Required reading:

 Recommended reading:

  •  Mullany Luke C., Catherine I. Lee, Palae Paw, Eh Kalu Shwe Oo, Cynthia Maung, Heather Kuiper, Nicole Mansenior, Chris Beyrer and Thomas J. Lee. 2008. “The MOM Project: Delivering Maternal Health Services Among Internally Displaced Populations in Eastern Burma.” Reproductive Health Matters 16: 44–5

 

9. Gender, conflict and education (Gudrun Østby) 

Required reading:

Recommended:

  • Justino, Patricia (2010) How does violent conflict impact on individual educational outcomes? The evidence so far. Background paper to UNESCO’s Education For All Global Monitoring Report 2011. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Available at http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0019/001907/190777e.pdf
  • Østby, Gudrun & Henrik Urdal (2010) Education and civil conflict: A review of the quantitative, empirical literature.’ Background paper to UNESCO’s Education For All Global Monitoring Report 2011. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Available at http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0019/001907/190710e.pdf

 

11. The political psychology of war rape (Inger Skjelsbæk)

Required reading:

Recommended reading:

  • Skjelsbæk, Inger (2012) The Political Psychology of War-Rape: Studies from Bosnia and Herzegovina London: Routledge 
  • Baas, Maria Ericsson & Maria Stern (2013) Sexual Violence as a Weapon of War? Perceptions, Prescriptions, Problems in the Congo and Beyond London: Zed Books
  • Zarkov, Dubravka, (2007) The Body of War: Media, Ethnicity, and Gender in the Break-up of Yugoslavia Duke University Press 

12. Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict (Ragnhild Nordås) 

Required reading:

Recommended reading: